Formula 1 is changing. On October 2019; the new 2021 Formula 1 rules were introduced with the perspective of the evolvement of the sports. With a post-pandemic world, Formula 1 is also proceeding with new 2021 groundbreaking changes. These new rules are not just giving cars a new look and design but also bringing comprehensive changes to the sports structure. Formula 1 teams have already begun to apply and test these new changes in their cars since the announcement date. However, the major game-changer rule among all is the cost expanse limit set for any team participating in F1 form 2021.
The Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) is set to with these new rules to make sports even for every team and driver with closer, fairer and more challenging as well as exciting. Following are a few major regularity changed introduced, which will shape a new future of the modern motorsport. These are the biggest sets of rule changes leaving a mark in the history of the sport.
2021 F1 Cars Will Have New Design & looks
New 2021 Formula 1 rules will bring revolutionary design changes in cars and an astonishing new outlook. FIA has also introduced the new rule for utilization of “Green Material” such as flax, hemp, linen, cotton and bamboo in cars in support to the development of growing technology. With new rules & design philosophy cars now will have sweeping bodywork, lowered front wing, larger rear wing, and divergent Under & Side boy aerodynamics. The new cars will be racing with larger tire & low profile 18 inches rims. These design changes are not just to look aesthetically charming. These will allow drivers to race more closely. New car design will reduce more predictable race winnings and increase chances for new talent to take podiums place.
Another attractive feature allowed in cars is the rotating LED display, which can be fitted on wheel rims along with body display panel for spectators. Furthermore, the key changes will be in cars architecture is to develop it with more downforce. The new design can be the solution to the loss of downforce; which cars experience due to forefront cars’ wake, during after-run/chase. The resultant of running in the exhaust of the front car was causes a 40% loss of downforce. However, the new aerodynamics changes will bring down that to 10% as it will direct exhaust air in the upward direction. This will allow drivers to chase & overtake forefront drivers with more clean air.
2021 F1 Season With Revised Race Weekends & Practice Sessions
FIA 2021 regulations are not just limited to the design and aerodynamics changes of the cars only. The 2021 rules are bringing significant changes in the race calendar, too. The race weekend structure is changing as there more races added from this year for Formula 1 lovers. There will be 25 races to be arranged on following dates for 2021 season.
- 28 March – Bahrain (Sakhir)
- 18 April – Italy (Imola*)
- 9 May – Spain (Barcelona)
- 23 May – Monaco (Monaco)
- 6 June – Azerbaijan (Baku)
- 13 June – Canada (Montreal)
- 27 June – France (Le Castellet)
- 4 July – Austria (Spielberg)
- 18 July – United Kingdom (Silverstone)
- 1 August – Hungary (Budapest)
- 29 August – Belgium (Spa)
- 5 September – Netherlands (Zandvoort)
- 12 September – Italy (Monza)
- 26 September – Russia (Sochi)
- 3 October – Singapore (Singapore)
- 10 October – Japan (Suzuka)
- 24 October – USA (Austin)
- 31 October – Mexico (Mexico City)
- 7 November – Brazil (Sao Paulo)
- 21 November – Australia (Melbourne*)
- 5 December – Saudi Arabia (Jeddah**)
- 12 December – Abu Dhabi (Yas Island)
* Subject to change as per World Motor Sport Council approval. **Subject to change as per circuit homologation. *** Three more races location and dates will be announced soon
The teams can run their 1st and 2nd practice season just like before, with a duration of 90 minutes, however, they have been reduced with 60 minutes time frame for practice 3 on the day before the race. Not just liming to that, the teams also must remove any bodywork used in practice sessions before FP1. The Pre-race conference will also be on Friday instead of Thursday just ahead of 1st and 2nd practice seasons. With only one-hour FP3 time teams will be giving more inputs to get their cars to achieve sweet spot for the qualifying race.
2021 Formula 1 Rules: Limiting Expense & Testing For Teams
The Cost Cap is the ‘center of attention’ rule, which has been brought by FIA among all. The rule is the limiting entire season expanse for each team. In 2021 FIA has introduced an expenditure limit to $145 million and an extra 1.2 million per team. In continuation of this change, FIA will reduce this limit for upcoming seasons to $140 million for 2022 and $135 million for 2023. The cost cap will be covering all the aspects of F1 teams except the highest-paid three personal & driver’s salaries and marketing cost. The cost cap will also not abiding by employees leave salaries, medical expenses and their unemployment package. The new regulation will also allow teams to purchase new machinery and cover other capital expenditures for their factories up to $45 million from 2021 to 2024.
Another visionary change made in the regulation of 2021, is limiting the wind tunnel tests. With the prospect of decreasing aero development cost FIA is emphasizing on the usage of Computational Fluid Dynamics simulation over physical wind tunnel tests. As the current high profile tyre’s defection affects the aerodynamics of the car. The teams with bigger pocket in the game tend to spend more on wind tunnel tastings for a precise understanding of these effects. More tastings give these teams leverage above other teams. New design changes are making tyre edges stiffer, which will simplify the aerodynamics effects and bring down the research-development costs for each team, putting them equally.
2021 Formula 1: A Great Season To Score Podiums For Young Talent
From the year 2016 to 2019 Grand Prix/races, there are only six times the podium was filled by drivers other than Mercedes, Redbull and Ferrari drivers. 2021new design regulations will improve chances for other teams to get more podium places for other teams. Especially with the first time introduced cost cap will allow all the teams with equal opportunities for car development. And this means the fans will able to see different colours other than Silver, Red and Blue holding podiums and trophies this year.
The new 2021 regulation has made mandatory for each team to put at least in two grand Prix and lesser experienced drivers in minimum two free practice sessions throughout the entire season. This new change will give new drivers an equal opportunity to perform with leading teams like Mercedes, Redbull, Ferrari, Renault and Mclaren etc. This is not only good news for the new generation driver line-up but for the sports and spectators, too. New talent will have chance to perform in the competing Grand Prix environment and have chance to create new records. It will allow teams to do testing as many as 20 drivers for their future drivers’ development programs.