The name “Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias” translating from Valencian language to English means The City of Arts & Science. With truly magnificent and modern architecture this monument has become the most alluring tourist destination of the modern era. The design and development of an entire facility truly give the glimpse of a futuristic city of arts & science. Located on the east coast of Spain in a city named Valencia, this facility has been awarded as one of the 12 treasures of the country. Before the establishment of this monument, the riverbed of Turia was to be rerouted and drained. The existence of the marvellous place was with us more than one and half a decade. The primary development of a futuristic city of arts & science was started in July 1996 and was inaugurated in April 1998 and got expanded sternly since.
Due to its prominent & divergent appearance the many movies, as well as the TV series, have been filmed here; including the very recent & famous series named “Westworld”. The futuristic HBO TV series has shown this place as headquarter of the company named Delos.
A Futuristic City of Arts & Science: Origin & Development
The idea of constructing the place goes back to 1989; when the Valencian President of the time Mr Lerma visited the Cité des Sciences et de l’Industrie (City of Science and Industry) in Paris. The seeded idea of constructing such a facility had taken its form on paper with help of the government of that epoch. The Spanish scientist Dr Antonio Ten Ros was appointed to draft the proposal for the development of A Futuristic City of Arts & Science in Valencia. Dr Ten Ros’s draft was approved with a budget of 556 thousand euro for the development of the monument. Dr Ros gathered a team of scientists, museologists and designers managed by the University of Valencia and demonstrate 32 different drafted volumes for developing the City of Arts & Science. Initially the name “City of Science and Communications” was determined with the idea to construct 370 meters high communication tower alongside planetarium and museum.
In May 1991 project marched forward with its architecture, designs and plans via handed over to Architects named Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela by the governing council. The constructing plan was reformed with some changes in comparison to its primary design. At last, the site work was begun in 1994 with approval of funds by the government. With an estimated cost of 300 million euros the project’s first phase. And it was inaugurated on April 16th in 1998, with almost three times the budgeted cost. The later development took place where the Palau de Les Arts Reina Sofia in October 2005 and the L’Àgora in 2009. Architect Santiago Calatrava shared his insight of adding an element of water which is reflecting an entire site as a mirror. And because the site is close to the sea and conversely the city of Valencia is so dry whole.
Structures of a Futuristic City of Arts & Science
L’Hemisfèric – The Planetarium & Theatre
The first structure of a place inaugurated in October 1998 is an IMAX theatre, planetarium and the facility for performing laser shows. The design of the building intimates a giant eye, which sees everything and knows everything. The developer simply mimicking a gesture of an “Eye of Knowledge”. The building is a centerpiece of the place. The water-pool glass in front of the structure develops the illusion complete eye. The remarkable architecture of the building inside possible for two people to talk to each other with standing on opposite corners.
Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe – The Museum of Science
Inaugurated in the year of 2000 & resembling outlook of a whales’ skeleton, this building is originally a museum of science. A three-floored science museum occupies about 40,000 square meter’s space of an entire place. The museum’s ground floor was designed as a basketball court. The first floor is viewing gallery for the beautiful Turia garden surrounding an entire establishment. The second floor has the exhibition gallery called “The Legacy of Science”. The third floor is passed some cool exhibitions; such as Space Academy, Zero Gravity, Chromosome Forest and last but not the least the Marvel Superheroes exhibition.
L’Oceanogràfic – The Oceanographic Park
A beautiful open-air and Europe’s largest oceanographic park is also built in the facility. It has an aquarium of 42 million litres of capacity and 110 thousand square meters wide built resembling water lily shape. Each building wing of this oceanographic park has a specific aquatic theme. These themes such as temperate, wasteland, tropical seas, red sea, Mediterranean, even the Arctic and Antarctic Sea. On the other hand, a gigantic aquarium has more than 500 species from different part of the world. The list of species includes jellyfish, starfish, sawfish, dolphins, sea lions, sharks, turtles, wetland birds, seals and penguins, too. The oceanographic park was inaugurated in 2003.
Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia – An Opera House
In 2005, this opera house alongside an art centre representing all forms of performing arts was opened for public. Having surrounded by 87 thousands square meters of water and landscape with 10 thousands meters of the walking area; the Palau de Les arts is one of the largest performing arts and opera centre. The centre is designed with four main sections namely the auditorium, the master hall, the theatre and the main hall. 230 meters of length and 70 meters of heightened building also has two steel sheets covering the building; weighing each more than 1500 tons.