The phenomena of Arctic ice melting have drawn the attention of the world. Modern world is already experiencing the consequences of Arctic ice melting. Not the only human race, but the entire living things on the earth are being affected form this global concern. The melting of Arctic ice plays a very crucial role in climate change and global warming. On account of this, the world is facing many occurrences like greenhouse effects, ozone depletion and other extreme climate changes. 13% of total arctic ice has been melting by every decade. As per one survey, 95% of the world’s thickest and oldest ice in the Arctic has been declined in the past 30 years. At this rate, the whole arctic would be arctic free in 2040 as per estimation.
The root cause of changing the seawater temperature and ocean current flow pattern is the global weather patterns. These patterns are directly influenced by ice melting caused by global warming. That’s why, not only environmental but the global trading which leads to a serious impact on commerce. The sea routes of arctic regions are getting influenced directly due to this momentous event, particularly commercial transportation. In addition to this, it is become a bit harder for many countries to acquire rights or arctic shipping lanes because of Consequences Arctic Ice Melting. There are so many factors on which the Ice melting of the Arctic region is affecting directly or indirectly.
Consequences of Arctic Ice Melting
Change in Global Temperature
The major portion of the Arctic and Atlantic regions are covered with ice. Thus, they act as a giant refrigerator for all the living things on the earth. The core function of these regions is to reflect a major part of heat emitted directly or indirectly from the Sun. The reflection of heat helps to balance the overall temperature of the earth by lowering the temperature which is increased in heat-absorbing regions like deserts or the equator. The melting of ice disturbs this balance and induced more intense heat waves worldwide. On the other hand, the circulation of high-pressure wind around the arctic becomes unstable due to unbalancing of heat. This allows the jet stream of wind to blow in other portions of earth and brings a bitter cold.
Migration of Coastal Communities
Global sea raising was getting noticed and recorded since the 20th century. The survey says, the global phenomena of ice melting is causing the increase of the sea level. In just last century the sea level has raised 7 to 8 inch. The worst fact is that it is still increasing. The rising sea level is endangering the habitation of coastal areas and small islands by amplifying the flood intensity and storm surge. The glacial melting of the Greenland ice sheet is one of the major factors of sea-level rise. As per one estimation, the melting of the entire ice sheet of Greenland is enough to increase the sea level by 20 feet. One of the largest populated countries like China, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand have already begun facing the consequences of Arctic Ice melting. By mid-century the around 300 million people have to relocate from coastal area, as they will be submerged under sea.
Food Chain & Wildlife
The main pillar of the food chain is the vegetation. The outcomes of arctic ice melting like polar vertex, increased heat waves, and unstable weather will play a crucial role to harm the crops and overall vegetation. The continuation of this damage will shake the whole food chain and takes life to the verge of extinction. The Arctic region is a home of Polar bears, reindeer, walruses, Snowy owls, Arctic foxes, and many other species. The continuation of ice loss and melting of permafrost has raised a critical situation for their habitation and survival. Not only animals, but humans also have to refuge for their habitation. Simultaneously, the hunger for food may encourage the conflict between wildlife and humans.
Consequences of Permafrost & Arctic Ice Melting
Permafrost is the pockets beneath the ground which remained in frozen condition for more than two years period. This pockets usually found in the mountains area, means the area which are high in altitude. Earth’s North and South Pole being the highest altitude location possess the vast portion of the Permafrost. Permafrost can be found as 3 feet form ground up to 5ooo feet. It contains the remaining of carbon based fossils, plants and animals which couldn’t be decomposed due to low temperature. The permafrost of the arctic region is a huge storage of methane gas which is a greenhouse gas. When the ice thaws, it releases the amorphous amount of this methane gas which increases the rate of warming. This causes more ice melting due to increasing temperature and the cycle of ice melting continuously to a progressive rate. That is why the Arctic ice melting has become a global concern for the modern world.