Farming, Future & Hydroponics
Before reaching out to Hydroponics The Future of Farming. Let us review the current scenario and factual of food growing industry. United Nations has predicted that the total population of the world will grow to 8.5 Billion by 2030. Among the total world population, 70 per cent will live in cities. Such population increase comes hand in hand with the need to produce more food to feed them. There are some global reports, which estimates that more than 80% of food will be required to feed them. Therefore, the major challenge is to produce sufficient quantity. For sustainability, there is only 65% of land which is fertile in the world due to rapid urbanization.
Lack of access to a sufficient amount of food with proportionate nutrition is a basic necessity for human growth and healthy life. Even the United Nation considered this as major crises. They are working towards availability of diversifying and sufficient food. Weather events effects directly to the corps. This vulnerability towards adverse weather conditions pushes us towards other modes of farming to reach out to our need.
Hydroponics – A Solution
To overcome this crisis of Farming in Future, there’s the niche method for producing food which allows us to grow plants without soils called Hydroponics. In this method, all the minerals and nutrition are feed to plant directly with the help of the Nutrient Film Technique System (NFT) without any help of soil.
In the last decade, for growing various types of corps Hydroponics has become an auspicious strategy. It can play a great contribution in areas having the limitation of soil & water, also for people who have no land for farming as it is possible to grow short duration crops like vegetables round the year in very limited spaces with low labour.
The Global Hydroponics Market has been estimated to cross USD 8.1 Billion in 2019 includes such vegetables as tomato, peppers, cucurbits, lettuce & leafy vegetables, and other food crops. Australia, France, Israel, Netherlands, England, Canada & the USA are the leading countries in hydroponic technology. As on today, the Netherlands is the world leader in commercial hydroponic among all. It has a farming capacity of 13000 hectors of capsicum, tomatoes, cucumber, and cut flowers.
Hydroponics – Advantages and Positive Impacts
It is 50% of the value of all fruits and vegetables produced in the entire country. Japan already started to produce rice with this technique. Spain & Canada are also planning to expand the area for commercial hydroponic farming. Israel is also in the race to grow berries & citrus fruits & bananas large quantities of in the dry & arid climate. On the other side, Australia is the largest hydroponic lettuce producers in the world. Their strawberry cultivation is larger than the USA and cut flower production is almost equal to the USA.
Now the world is accepting this farming technique due to several reasons such as. We can grow just about any vegetable or fruit using hydroponics such as tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage, eggplants, peppers, basil. This technique saves a significant amount of space compared to conventional soil gardening. Elimination of soil also eliminates a lot of the different soil-borne diseases and pests that plague. It saves water up to 70% to 95% then soil farming; as this technique captures water form system and reuses. Wherein soil allows fed water to run off and drain to the environment. The decrease in the use of fertilizers of about 50%. Due to the Deliverance of soil, a lot of the different soil-borne diseases & pests can be diminished that plague in traditional gardening.