OnThe Name itself is enough to describe the identity of this mountain. This 8,848m (29,029 ft) heightened mountain is located at the border of China and Nepal. The strange thing is that the name Everest is not because of the mountain’s height. But after the name of Sir George Everest who was a surveyor-general of India from 1830 to 1843. Despite this name Everest, it’s also known as Sagarmatha (Forehead in the sky) in Nepal, Chomolungma (Mother of the World) in Tibet & Zhumulangma in Chinese. So, here are some facts about why it is called The Almighty Mount Everest!!
The Climate of Mount Everest is much extreme and averse to living things. The warmest daytime temperature on the summit is only -19°C (-2 °F) in July. While in January, the temperature becomes -36°C (-33°F) and may drop as low as -60 °C (-76 °F). All of sudden the storms and wind disturbance may come up and temperature may drop suddenly. Sometimes the wind blows at the speed of more than 100miles/hour. Snow falls during the summer monsoon. There is an extremely high risk of frostbite on Everest.
The climate on Everest is so severe that it is quite difficult to sustain for human habitation. However, the valleys below the mountain are inhabitable for people. Sherpas are one of the known community. They live in villages at the altitude up to 4,270 meters (approx. 14,000 ft.) around Khumbu valley. In the search for pastureland, Sherpas are led to a semi-nomadic lifestyle. Though they are an agricultural people traditionally. The Weather is so extreme that the livestock is grazing as high as 4,880 meters in summer.
Living in close vicinity to earth’s highest mountains, Sherpas treats the Himalayas as a reverend and sacred. They have built Buddhist monasteries at the base of the mountain. Besides this, they had placed prayer flags on the slopes and established sanctuaries for the wildlife of the valleys which included monal pheasant, musk deer &Himalayan partridge. Traditionally, they did not climb the mountains due to their belief in Yeti who are so-called Snowman.
The human challenge:
Even though technology has given more advanced facilities like equipment, transportation, communication & weather forecasting, it is still quite difficult to reach to summit of Everest. because of The Almighty Mount Everest is itself lies at a highly isolated location. Before 1960, for the supply of any goods, one had to rely on only humans and animal. Then after, in 1964 the Khumbu valley airstrip was made which has provided a great facility for transportation, but there is still some higher area that remained accessible only by footpaths.