The Colosseum is a Historical Monument which is reflecting culture of great Roman Empire. The Romans had ruled the world for a long time. A vast territory around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Northern Africa, and Western Asia ruled by Roman emperors. During their period, they have built a marvelous fort, palaces, theaters, temples, and many more monuments. The Pantheon, Maison Carrée, Castel Sant’Angelo, Circus Maximus, Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus and many of them still exist in modern world. These are the living proof of the great Roman Empire.
Even in Italy, you will find many of them. They are the perfect examples in architecture. Among them, one of the most popular architecture is Colosseum. Emperor Vespasian had started its construction in AD 72, and his successor and heir, Titus has completed on AD 80. Later on, the Domitian has done some modification in the structure. These 3 Flavian dynasty emperors had played a major role in construction of this astonishing monument. That’s why the Colosseum is famous as Flavian Amphitheater.
The Colosseum – Design & Structure
Exterior: Over 100,000 cubic meters of travertine stone has been used without mortar to build the outer wall, held together by 300 tons of iron clamps. Earlier due to earthquake the major segment of Colosseum collapsed. However, The northern side of the perimeter wall still exists in its original form. Also, the present day exterior wall was in fact the inside wall of the structure. This Historical Monument – Colosseum is actually an amphitheater (an open-air venue for entertainment, performances, and sports) located in Rome, Italy. It was the largest amphitheater with the capacity to accommodate 50,000 to 80,000 spectators. Travertine limestone, tuff (volcanic rock), and brick-faced concrete is also present in this iconic theater.
Interior: In Interior, the seating arrangement can be seen in tiers. Which represents the rigidly stratified nature of Roman society. Apart form this special boxes can also be seen, which were specifically made for the emperor and the Vestal virgins’s comfort & best views. In modern times, Colosseum has become one of the major tourist attractions in Italy. Thousands of tourists visit this historic monument each year. As on today, the museum is present on the upper floor of the structure. some portion of this museum is under re-flooring process. Even at present one can see the large network of subterranean passageways. These were the transporting passage for animal and gladiators to reach arena.
The Colosseum – Sports & Events
In the era of Romans, the many gladiatorial shows and events took place in Colosseum.
Munera: Roman’s preferred the munera, the blood sports, above all events in their games (Ludi). Private individuals rather than the state who had a strong religious element were the organizers of that sport. However they were also demonstrations of power and family prestige and immensely popular with the population.
Venatio: In this event, the huge variety of animals such as Caspian tigers, wisents, rhinoceros, hippopotamuses, elephants, giraffes, bears, aurochs, Barbary lions, panthers, leopards, crocodiles, and ostriches imported from the Middle East and Africa and involved them into battles and hunt amid elaborate sets with buildings and trees. During intervals, other performance such as acrobatic and magic shows also would take place.