Vatican City is a truly mesmerizing place consists of unforgettable architecture and churches. This city is not just home to Pope but also headquarter of Roman Catholic churches. It has one of the most iconic museums and library with books centuries old. Here are some surprising facts about Vatican City that will surely add this place to your must-visit destination.
The Smallest Country in the World
It is not just a city but it’s a country. Yes, it’s true, apart from being the most famous city in the world smallest country too. The total area of the country is 0.44 Km Sq. it would take one no more than one hour to walk around the city. The country is named after Vatican hill which located near Tiber River.
A Country with the Smallest Railway Tracks
Many of us have heard about the world’s biggest rail network but Vatican City holds the record of world’s smallest network. The total length of the rail line is hardly even 1.3 Km. The only railway station Vatican City has is “StazioneCittà del Vaticano ” which means Vatican City Railway station which has approx. length of 20 Mtr. The rail track is being used for goods carrying only.
The Only Country which is, UNESCO World Heritage
Italy has many cities with the world’s most beautiful architectures and art forms. It passes world’s most UNESCO heritage sites. But the Vatican is the only country that has been titled as UNESCO heritage site. Vatican City is filled with various famous paintings & artwork of Raphael and Michelangelo.
The city is named after “Mount Vatican”. The city is located on Hill and nearby field. The City is located right in the center of Rome, Italy. One does not require a separate tourist visa to visit this country. It’s the only nation in the world which doesn’t have prison or hospital. It doesn’t mean they don’t have at all, these facilities are located outside of the city territory in Rome. Yet being the smallest country The Vatican City holds the all the other entities same as other modern nations such as National anthem, National Flag, license plate, passport, Post office etc. Vatican City owns a football team too.
Most Heavily Guarded City in the World
The city with the most guards in the world as well as have walls around itself. Most of the peoples living in the city are the immigrants. All the soldiers protecting Vatican City are Swiss Guard which is 10% of the total population of the city. Though only 1000 people are living in the city but around the year 9 million tourists visit Vatican City. Swiss Guard’s prime duty is to protect the Pop and safeguarding.
The City with the World’s Biggest Library
It is well-known as the Vatican Library or VAT. Its isn’t just the world’s biggest but oldest one too. Its official establishment year is 1475 but actually, it’s older than that. It contains the rare books section with world’s oldest books and documents written in Latin & Hebrew languages. They even kept the documented Galileo’s dealing with the church of that era as well as some even from the 1st century. Vatican library passes the world’s largest books collection in numbers and they are adding around 6,000 new acquisitions every year.
The Country Still Ruled by a King
Above all The Vatican has it’s own King. Vatican City is not a part of Europium union. Pope has the whole authority over Vatican City. However, it doesn’t have native citizens. All the citizens in this city are the ones who live and work only with the approval of the Pope. It is the only country which has only one religion followers.