More than 1,16,000 species are there on and under the soil and ocean to date. It is impossible for a single human being to spot one-fourth of these species in his or her entire life. Yet somehow, one-fourth of the population of humans has forced many of these species towards extermination. The International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has put more than 31,000 species on the red-list of World’s Endangered Animals Species. This list covers 27% of all species. These species are on the edge of vanishing due to habitat crisis, poaching, deforestation, and such many more direct or indirect results of human activities. Following are few names of the marvellous animal species, which were once thriving the earth with their presence. However, since the past few years, they have become World’s Endangered Animals Species because of the heedless nature and behaviour of humans.
The Bengal tiger is a national animal of both India and Bangladesh. However, this animal species is under danger due to fragmentation, loss, and hunting of their habitat. As per Indian government records, there are only 2,967 tigers alive as on date in India. As well as around 440 in Bangladesh, 250 in Nepal and nearly 100 tigers are alive in Bhutan. It is strange that there is no landscape that is large enough for the conservation of more than 250 individuals. They have been living in the Indian subcontinent for 12,000 years. The Royal Bengal Tiger is one of the largest cats among wild cats around the world. The world wildlife fund has started a global campaign called “Save Tigers now” to create financial, political, and public support to double the population of tigers by 2022.
In 2011, IUCN has confirmed the black rhino as a critically endangered species because of habitat loss. The major reason behind their extinction is hunting for food and sport. Especially their horns which are very famous in the black market as the commercial trade of rhino horns is illegal since 1977. Due to this overhunting, from 65,000 population in 1970, only 2,300 remains alive in 1993. Today, the western black rhino is on the verge of extinction. The southern rhino is the only subspecies that have been recovering in numbers. In 2019, the numbers grow by nearly 14,000.
The largest creature of the world is led to the verge of extinction due to excessive hunting. The International Whaling Commission has banned the hunting of blue whale in 1967. It is estimated that more than 3 lacs whales have been hunted and caught from 1868 to 1968. Apart from this, climate change is also responsible for their extinction. As of today, their population is alive in a small concentration approx 120 in the central north Pacific, 2200 in the Atlantic, 250 in the northern Indian Ocean, and 2000 in the North Atlantic. While you are reading an interesting article of rear bird species, we thought you might also like our other blog “World’s Endangered Bird Species“
The IUCN has put this giant mammal in the red list of endangered species since 1986. The major reason behind its extinction is poaching, degradation, fragmentation, and loss of habitat. The main reasons behind their hunting are ivory, meat, and skin which have high value in the black market. The Chinese consider its skin as a common ingredient in medicine. On the other side, the demand for ivory led to unbridled hunting results in a decline of their population in Asia and Africa. Currently, around 30 to 50,000 individuals are alive and entirely disappeared from Iran, western Asia, and China.
It is reported that the population of this gorilla was almost 16000 to 17000 in 1994. But as of now only 5000 individuals i.e. 33% remain alive. These World’s Endangered Animals Species are threatened for habitat fragmentation caused by transportation corridors and resource extraction and agricultural purpose. Some of them are majorly found in the rain forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in Africa. The high demand in commercial trade engendered catastrophe of putting these precious animals under a list of endangered species.